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Nineteenth Century

30. Stefan M. Holzer 

ETH Zürich, Switzerland 

Clemens Knobling 

ETH Zürich, Switzerland 

 Online paper: The laminated arch in the first half of the 19th century: A status report from Switzerland

 Presentation

 Abstract: looks at the use of laminated timber arches in wooden bridges in the first half of the 19th century and traces its types, appearance in literature and development and use in Switzerland which has some remarkable survivals. 

 Questions: 

 

31. Laurens Bulckaen

BATir-AIA dept., Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium 

Rika Devos 

BATir-AIA dept., Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium 

 Online paper: The engineer as mediator in complex architectural projects at the turn of the nineteenth century: the case study of Louis Cloquet

 Presentation

 Abstract: Looks at the career of Louis Cloquet (1849-1920) who, although he trained as an engineer, became a Professor of Architecture and published widely on architectural practice. This paper looks at the crucial role he played in a series of complex Belgium building projects in this period. 

 Questions: 

 

32. Christiane Weber 

Universität Innsbruck, Austria 

 Online paper: Professional organisations of Architects and Engineers and their journals in nineteenth century German States

Presentation 

Abstract: Looks at the professional schools, publications and professional organisations for architects and engineers in the 39 German States before the unification in 1871.

 Questions: Christiane.Weber@uibk.ac.at