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Naomi Alcaide Manthey: Land Privatization and Urban Segregation in Bogotá, Colombia

In the 20th century, violent conflicts in the countryside have caused accelerated growth of Colombian cities. Under the influence of neoliberal policies, socioeconomic segregation in Bogotá increased and caused social conflicts. Public measures have tried to address most urgent issues such as the lack of affordable housing through financing and subsidy schemes. Unable to finance and administer the needed housing construction itself, the public sector is found highly dependent on the private sector to increase production of low-cost housing. The analysis of municipal data, interviews, and maps has revealed the significant contribution of the private sector to the production of low-cost housing. Additionally, new regulations and rising costs have shifted the focus of developers to areas outside of Bogotá. Interviews show a lack of cooperation between the public and private sector: a prerequisite for a socially, economically, and environmentally more sustainable development in Bogotá.